Braille formatting in Australia

ABA Rules and Guidelines for Formatting Braille

The Australian standards for braille formatting, along with recommended guidelines for best practice, are outlined and illustrated in the ABA Rules and Guidelines for Formatting Braille (2016). This is a comprehensive document with rules, guidelines, examples and instructions on how to achieve the desired layout using Word and the Duxbury Braille Translator. It is an essential reference for Australians wishing to sit the Trans-Tasman Certificate of Proficiency in Unified English Braille, as the rules are used as the basis for marking of formatting.

The document is available in as PDF for print readers or embossable braille for touch readers.

The embossable braille version should be embossed on A4 paper at 30 cells per line and 25 lines per page. When opening the braille .brf files using the Duxbury Braille Translator, ensure that “read formatted braille without interpretation” is checked in the Global menu under Formatted Braille Importer.

An additional .brf file intended for use as a braille e-book will be added soon.

ABA formatting workshop

At the 2016 Round Table Conference, the Australian Braille Authority hosted a workshop to introduce the new ABA Rules and Guidelines for Formatting Braille, explaining the principles upon which they are based and providing additional examples of their use.

The workshop documents are available for download.

For print readers:

For touch readers:

Formatting of technical materials

The ABA is currently compiling a document with examples of recommended formatting for braille mathematics. Your input would be greatly appreciated. Please contact us at or via the ozbrl listserv if you have examples to share or suggestions for items you would like included.